Category: History of Christianity

Christian Thinkers 101: A Crash Course on Justin Martyr

Saint Justin, also known as Justin Martyr, was one of the first Christians to meet Greco-Roman thinkers on their own ground by using philosophy as a tool or handmaid (servant) to defend the gospel message. But what else did he contribute to historic Christianity? Here’s your crash course on the life and accomplishments of Justin Martyr—and why he still matters…

Ten Reasons for the Rapid Spread of Christianity, Part 3: Religious Factors

How did the tiny and little-known Jesus movement overcome hostilities and persecution within four centuries to become the official religion of the Roman Empire? Christians, of course, believe that God sovereignly arranged the circumstances of history to allow the gospel to go forth with power and great success. Yet God’s providential workings behind the scenes of history do not rule…

Ten Reasons for the Rapid Spread of Christianity, Part 1: Social Factors

Jesus Christ lived the most consequential life in human history. As Christian theologian Michael Green notes, “His coming split history into two: everything is dated before or after this man.”1 But the religion that bears his name started small and slow in the backwater of the Roman Empire. What factors contributed to its subsequent rapid spread? In this series we’ll…

Understanding the Middle Ages

Lasting from about the fifth century AD into the fifteenth, the Middle Ages, sometimes called the age of the church, may be one of the most interesting periods of history and, at the same time, one of the most mysterious. It also faces much prejudice—people may not know a lot about the Middle Ages, but they tend to have negative…

Wayward Youth in a Pagan Empire: St. Augustine, Part 2

Named for two Roman Emperors, Aurelius Augustinus was born November 13 AD 354, in Thagaste, a small Roman province of Numidia in North Africa (present day Algeria). His family was what might be called a lower middle-class. His father, Patricius, was a small-landowner with pagan beliefs who seemed to care more about his son’s education than his character.

Ten Historic Christian Theological Texts

Throughout history, these theological books have impacted both the church and the world. I chose these works in order to provide a broad scope of historic Christian thought, although I do not necessarily agree with every point these authors make. But whatever your branch of Christendom or denominational attachment, I do encourage you to consider these books for your theological…

Top 12 Defenders of the Faith

You know how I like lists, well here’s my all-time defenders of the faith list. The last three are still alive and defending. Top Twelve Favorite Christian Apologists List (outside the New Testament and in historical order only) 1. Athanasius 2. Augustine 3. Bonaventure 4. Thomas Aquinas 5. Blaise Pascal 6. Benjamin Warfield 7. C. S. Lewis 8. Walter Martin 9.…