Does Possessing Freedom Presuppose the Will to Fight?

What do you think about when you hear the word war?

You probably think of armed conflict, bloodshed, and death—and lots of it. That is the nature of warfare. It’s also why war presents one of the most challenging issues to address from an ethical standpoint. Given this difficulty, most Christians have adopted just war theory, which requires engaging only in just wars and fighting those wars in a truly just manner. But such an ethical ideal takes great wisdom, courage, and dedicated moral discipline. Here are several brief thoughts to consider when someone asks what you think of war.

“If You Want Peace, Prepare For War”

One of the hard lessons of the last century or so is that freedom requires the will to fight. In other words, to have a free society (democracy), that freedom will likely, if not inevitably, be challenged by totalitarian forces and will have to be defended. Thus the common Latin expression with its roots in antiquity: Si vis pacem, para bellum—translated: “If You Want Peace, Prepare For War.”

A thinker I reference often in this field is the classics and military scholar Victor Davis Hanson. I have read a number of Hanson’s books including The Second World Wars (2002),which is one of the best contemporary books on World War II. I highly recommend Hanson who also writes and speaks on historical, cultural, and political issues.

What follows are three of Hanson’s engaging quotes on democracy and war that help us to think through what a free people must consider when it comes to warfare. I then help clarify his statements. I’ve used these stimulating quotes to spark reflection in my college classes on the ethics of war. 

1. Democracy and Warfare

“Democratic citizenship requires knowledge of war—and now, in the age of weapons of mass annihilation, more than ever.”1

It is extremely uncomfortable to reflectively consider the possible results of war, especially in the nuclear age. And democracies so enjoy freedom, pleasure, and peace that they conveniently forget that freedom must be defended. Yet, as Hanson notes, prudent free citizens seek to learn and remember the enduring lessons of war.

2. A Democracy’s Moral Need to Fight

“But wars—or the threat of war—at least put an end to American chattel slavery, Nazism, Fascism, Japanese militarism, and Soviet Communism. It is hard to think of any democracy—Afghan, American, Athenian, contemporary German, Iraqi, Italian, Japanese, ancient Theban—that was not an outcome of armed struggle and war.”2

War is sometimes evil and always tragic but there are times when it is morally necessary. Fighting evil and injustice and protecting the innocent are grounds that justify war. Citizens of democracy must be ever vigilant because history reveals that freedom isn’t free and it never will be in an imperfect world of sinful people.

3. The Ever-Present Danger of Inaction

“If Westerners deem themselves too smart, too moral, or too soft to stop aggressors in this complex nuclear age, then—as Socrates and Aristotle alike remind us—they can indeed become real accomplices to evil through inaction.”3

When it comes to military aggression, history painfully reveals that inaction can have serious consequences. From ancient to modern times people have refused to confront evil for various reasons. But while no rational person wants war, sometimes moral inaction can facilitate the terribly evil actions of others.

War is a difficult moral topic and maybe especially for Christians who prize peace and value human life. But Hanson challenges us as free people to think diligently about this immensely important ethical issue.

Reflections: Your Turn

Does possessing freedom (democracy) require the will to wage war? 



  1. Victor Davis Hanson, The Father of Us All: War and History, Ancient and Modern (New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2010), 4.
  2. Hanson,The Father of Us All, 16.
  3. Hanson, 45.

  One thought on “Does Possessing Freedom Presuppose the Will to Fight?

  1. August 18, 2020 at 5:52 am

    Hanson is great. I just finished Carnage and Culture.

    • August 18, 2020 at 8:51 am


      I appreciate VDH.

      Ken Samples

  2. August 18, 2020 at 5:53 am

    Reblogged this on History and Hobby and commented:
    If you want peace, prepare for war.

  3. Dave McCoy
    August 21, 2020 at 2:07 am

    In a fallen world war is sometimes unavoidable. But as the Israelites mourned for Egypt’s losses, we need to remember God’s love for our mortal enemies even when their destruction is the least worst choice.

    • August 21, 2020 at 9:54 am

      Thanks, Dave.

      Ken Samples

  4. Rick Steeno
    August 21, 2020 at 6:04 am

    Only those willing to risk their lives fighting for freedom, have it.

    • August 21, 2020 at 9:55 am

      Thanks, Rick.

      Ken Samples

  5. Dean Sparks
    September 1, 2020 at 6:05 am

    To follow up on Rick’s comment, someone said “Those unwilling to defend their freedom will lose it.” Jesus said there will always be wars and rumors of wars. There are wars going on all over God’s planet all the time. All wars are not violent. We are engaged in a mighty struggle in the USA to keep our freedom from home grown tyranny, and if we are not all involved, we will lose it.

    • September 1, 2020 at 10:08 am

      Thanks, Dean.

      Ken Samples

  6. Rita
    September 2, 2020 at 11:36 am

    The most effective wars, when necessary to fight, are fought not only physically but also with spiritual weapons. (Eph. 6:10-18)

    • September 2, 2020 at 11:45 am

      Thanks, Rita.

      Ken Samples

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

%d bloggers like this: