Skeptical Challenge: How Do We Know the Content of Jesus and Pilate’s Tête-à-Tête?

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Some people attempt to justify their unbelief of Christianity on the grounds that the Bible contains irreconcilable difficulties and contradictions. One important role Christians serve in an apologetics-evangelism context is to try to remove obstacles that people have to believing in the truth of Scripture and thus in the truth of historic Christianity.

I once heard an atheist ask how the Gospel writers could conceivably know the nature of the private conversation between Jesus and Pontius Pilate before his condemnation and crucifixion (e.g., John 18:28–40). After all, the apostles—the proposed authors of the four Gospels—were not privy to this confidential dialogue.

This is a reasonable question. So, how can the Christian respond? There are two explanations to this objection, one purely natural and the other supernatural (or theological), but the two are not mutually exclusive.

First, given the nature of the controversy in Jerusalem surrounding Jesus of Nazareth and his public trial by the Romans (Luke 24:13–24), Pilate may simply have spoken to others about the content of his conversation with Jesus. These verbal details may have been conveyed to other Roman leaders and/or to the Jewish religious leaders and then to the followers of Jesus themselves. Jesus also had secret followers among both the leaders of the Romans (the centurion, Matthew 8:5–13) and the Jews (Nicodemus, John 3:1–15).

Undoubtedly, the apostles were interested in all the details of Jesus’s arrest, trial, and execution. It is not difficult to see how the nature of this conversation may have leaked out, especially to key people involved in the events. Though people today may object that this is “hearsay,” the ancients wouldn’t have shared that objection. They may well have interpreted the conversation as part of the important details conveyed by reliable sources concerning Jesus’s public trial and crucifixion. Furthermore, if the details of this alleged conversation were factually wrong, hostile critics who may also have been knowledgeable about the exact nature of the conversation could have falsified them (serving as a type of unofficial cross-examination).

Second, the content of this private conversation between Jesus and Pilate may have come to the writers of the Gospels through the process of divine inspiration. In the Gospel of John, chapters 14–16, Jesus informed the apostles that the Holy Spirit would come and guide them, inform them, and give them exact recall of the truthful events on Jesus’s life, death, and resurrection. Consider two biblical statements about the Holy Spirit’s role in inspiring the biblical authors:

But the Counselor, the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in my name, will teach you all things and will remind you of everything I have said to you.

–John 14:26

But when he, the Spirit of truth, comes, he will guide you into all truth.

–John 16:13

Biblically speaking, divine inspiration could serve to give the apostles new information or to confirm the truth of information drawn from another source. Therefore, from the Christian perspective, both of these explanations could be correct.

So this skeptical objection has a plausible answer and thus doesn’t constitute a viable reason to doubt either the truth of Scripture or the ultimate truth of historic Christianity.

Resources

For the resolution of other common Bible challenges and difficulties, see:

  One thought on “Skeptical Challenge: How Do We Know the Content of Jesus and Pilate’s Tête-à-Tête?

  1. October 16, 2018 at 5:55 am

    Reblogged this on Talmidimblogging.

    • October 16, 2018 at 1:41 pm

      Thanks for the reblog, Vincent.

      Ken Samples

  2. October 16, 2018 at 9:30 am

    Reblogged this on Smart Christian.net.

    • October 16, 2018 at 1:41 pm

      Thanks for the reblog, Wanda.

      Ken Samples

  3. Michael Graebner
    October 16, 2018 at 10:16 am

    Jesus could also have told them after the Resurrection.

    • October 16, 2018 at 1:40 pm

      Yes, as part of a supernatural explanation that came as I mentioned through revelation (oral or written). Yet there is also a natural explanation that is also consistent with the supernatural.

      Ken Samples

  4. Eric Claghorn
    October 16, 2018 at 10:39 am

    What about the most obvious explanation: Jesus told his apostles about the conversation after his resurrection and before his ascension?

    • October 16, 2018 at 1:40 pm

      Yes, as part of a supernatural explanation that came as I mentioned through revelation (oral or written). Yet there is also a natural explanation that is also consistent with the supernatural.

      Ken Samples

  5. jn
    October 16, 2018 at 1:57 pm

    One thought: could it be also possible that Jesus himself told about these details to the apostles when He appeared to them after they discovered that He is risen?

    • October 16, 2018 at 1:58 pm

      Yes, as part of a supernatural explanation that came as I mentioned through revelation (oral or written). Yet there is also a natural explanation that is also consistent with the supernatural.

      Ken Samples

  6. October 17, 2018 at 10:07 am

    Interesting post, Ken, and a consideration I haven’t given thought to in the past — I guess it’s true that we bring our preconceptions to the conversation. You’re response is very good and I’ll tuck this away for future reference.

    • October 17, 2018 at 10:24 am

      Thanks, Lawrence.

      Ken Samples

  7. merovex
    November 8, 2018 at 4:42 pm

    It is more likely that a slave overheard and later testified. Hearsay is a modern court concept.

    Ot, maybe his wife was there and was later a Christian. We have two conversations where she could have been present

  8. Bryan Slot
    January 26, 2019 at 11:30 am

    I think there is a third way. This conversation could have easily happened within earshot of the Jewish leaders coming to accuse Jesus. Among them most likely was Saul of Tarsis better known as the Apostle Paul. This would give a much more direct way of recording the conversation.

    • January 26, 2019 at 12:06 pm

      Bryan:

      Your suggested third way seems like a slight modification of my first way.

      I don’t think Saul of Tarsus ever encounter Jesus of Nazareth until his conversion experience.

      Thanks for your comments.

      Ken Samples

  9. January 26, 2019 at 12:58 pm

    Skeptics do not see the whole picture. For example;

    John 19:38 And after this Joseph of Arimathaea, being a disciple of Jesus, but secretly for fear of the Jews, besought Pilate that he might take away the body of Jesus: and Pilate gave him leave. He came therefore, and took the body of Jesus.

    So, the question, is it possible that many of the Jews were “secret” disciples of Christ but kept it to them self for fear of the Jewish leaders, except to the Apostles? Richard Carrier tried to pawn off the argument “Well, they [the Apostles] were not privy to that information.” WRONG. Many feared the Jewish religious leaders because their whole life centered on being in and part the synagogue. Excommunicating them, if you will, would be devasting to their entire life. Public shame, loss of their personal possessions, etc. But because skeptics and unbelievers fail to understand the Scriptures, Jews wrote the content of the Bible to other Jews, NOT Americans, they see life during the time of Christ through the lens of modern-day America.

    • January 26, 2019 at 5:41 pm

      Good comments, nawdew71.

      Ken Samples

  10. February 2, 2019 at 3:24 am

    Ken, your link for “his public trial by the Romans” is the record of Jesus and the two on the road to Emmaus. Perhaps you intended Luke 23?

    • February 2, 2019 at 4:56 am

      Yes, it looks like the wrong link.

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