Philosophy’s Most Famous Quotations, Part 4

 

shutterstock_306930599Growing up, I always sensed that I was searching for some deeper meaning in my life. I didn’t know what that meaning would entail, but I saw life as a type of quest. Therefore, when I went to college the study of philosophy seemed like a good fit for me.

My first philosophy class in college was a course on the ancient Greeks—Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle in particular. My first philosophy teacher, Professor Douglas Wessell, characterized the ancient Greek’s approach to philosophy in three ways:

  1. Philosophy is viewed as an activity—a quest or journey in search of wisdom.
  2. Philosophy is the pursuit of wisdom, knowledge, and understanding, so as to achieve the “good life” (a moral education).
  3. Philosophy involves reflection, contemplation, and an abiding spirit of curiosity.

This way of thinking about philosophy as an activity or a pursuit that involves reflective curiosity stayed with me and seemed to fit well with my then newfound faith in Christianity.

In parts onetwo, and three of this series, I stated that one way of coming to know and appreciate philosophy is to consider some of the powerful quotations made by great philosophers on ultimate issues. In this final part of the series, we’ll look briefly at three famous philosophical quotations from some of history’s greatest thinkers. These quotes come from three secular-oriented philosophers: Nietzsche, Mill, and Sartre.

Three Famous Philosophy Quotations

1. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844–1900)

Friedrich Nietzsche was a German philosopher and social critic, who many see as the forerunner of such philosophical movements as atheistic existentialism and secular postmodernism. He argued that European society had moved beyond Christianity but that the morality of the Western world was deeply tied to the Christian faith. Thus, his foreboding proclamation:

God is dead.

–Friedrich Nietzsche, The Gay Science

Nietzsche reasoned that in light of Christianity’s demise (the death of God), Western culture was in need of an alternative, secular morality. In his writings, he calls for a “transvaluation of values,” laying the foundation for a strictly secular ethic and value system. It is interesting that Nietzsche saw Western culture as so deeply influenced by, and dependent upon, the Christian worldview.

2. John Stuart Mill (1806–1873)

John Stuart Mill was an English philosopher and one of the founders of the ethical system known as “utilitarianism” (the view that ethical choices should promote the greatest good for the greatest number). As a philosopher, Mill thought that human beings were uniquely the species that sought wisdom and knowledge. Thus, his statement:

It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied.

–John Stuart Mill, Utilitarianism

Mill said that Socrates was often dissatisfied as a seeker but that his state was much better than the person who was satisfied with ignorance.

3. Jean-Paul Sartre (1905–1980)

Jean-Paul Sartre was a French philosopher and the father of atheistic existentialism. As an atheist, he believed that individuals, by their actions, must define their own being or essence. Thus, his assertion:

Existence precedes essence.

–Jean-Paul Sartre, “Existentialism Is a Humanism”

Sartre thought that God’s nonexistence meant that human beings had no defining essence (such as the biblical divine image), so people first exist and then must, through their actions, define their own unique essence. Again, it is interesting how closely secularism responds to Christian ideas.

I hope this very brief introduction to some of philosophy’s greatest thinkers and their most important quotes will help you appreciate the unique discipline of philosophy and part of its history.

Reflections: Your Turn

Which one of the three quotes above do you find the most engaging? Why?

Resources

For more about the ideas of Nietzsche, Mill, and Sartre in light of Christianity, see Christianity and Western Thought: A History of Philosophers, Ideas and Movements by Colin Brown and A History of Western Philosophy and Theology by John M. Frame.

  One thought on “Philosophy’s Most Famous Quotations, Part 4

  1. March 20, 2018 at 5:00 pm

    Reblogged this on Talmidimblogging.

  2. Rita
    March 21, 2018 at 2:27 pm

    What a surprise these great thinkers must have met up with at their death!. I once had an experience in which it seemed the Lord greatly impressed upon me the realization that I will NEVER EVER be able to have my own way about anything by my own will, my own existence, without His permission, not even to choose evil, and it filled me with horror and the ugliness of my natural state. It meant a total surrender to Him, even in the horror of complete dependence on another Being.That I had no essence of my own – a created being whose every breath depended on Him.. I understood how an atheist would respond to such a thought, and reject it. Jean-Paul Sartre’s quote is most engaging to me because of what I just shared.

    • March 21, 2018 at 5:13 pm

      Thanks, Rita.

      Reflecting upon the truly dependent nature of our existence and being upon God is indeed overwhelming. But also illuminating.

      Best regards.

      Ken Samples

  3. Johnie
    March 26, 2018 at 2:23 pm

    Existentialism, postmodernism, humanism, secularism, atheism—we could add to it socialism, fascism, nationalism and communism and a whole bunch of other “isms” that are related to, in some cases derived from the modern philosophies above. I don’t know who it was that first observed that an “ism” often denotes an ideology that is worshipped by its adherents. In other words, a religion.

    I’m definitely not a philosopher, or a deep thinker, but I think maybe philosophy is not only a search for knowledge, which I don’t have a problem with, but a search for something worthy of worship, which I do have a problem with, because the object they always seem to come around to being worshipped in the above “isms” is mankind himself, and man’s capabilities (including his intellectual capabilities), and not God, the Creator of mankind.

    God directly warned the Israelites about the idol worship of their day, the pagan practices of worshipping man-made gods of wood and stone, but I think in our times “You shall have no other gods before me.” includes all of the “isms” above, as well as many more man-made distractions that take us from the worship of God.

    As always, Jesus said it best. He told the Samaritan woman “Yet a time is coming and has now come when the true worshippers will worship the Father in the Spirit and in truth, for they are the kind of worshippers the Father seeks.”

    I don’t think we need modern philosophers or their philosophies to find something worthy of worship. We just need the Holy Spirit, and the truth as told to us by Jesus. And if you believe it, you already have it– No need to search. No need to philosophize.

    Thanks for the opportunity to comment.

    • March 26, 2018 at 3:38 pm

      Thanks for your comments, Johnie.

      I think I have the opposite concern. I’m concerned that people, including Christians, don’t ask the big questions of life. I don’t think most people philosophize enough.

      Yes, philosophy can lead a person down the wrong spiritual track. But as C.S. Lewis noted, “Good philosophy must exist, if for no other reason, because bad philosophy needs to be answered.”

      Best regards.

      Ken Samples

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